The Use of Web-Based Geographical Information System To Determine The Allotment of Land Settlement

Anik Vega Vitiaingsih, R Ade Supriadi, Nusendra Hanggarawan

Abstract


The increase in residential areas leads to the process of land-use changes that is closely related to the limited land
that available for settlement. The scarcity of land has become the trigger of the land-use changes that can cause landslide
problems, disruption of industrial waste, etc. For example, illegal settlements are usually built without approval from the
government. Regulation of the Minister of Public Works Number 41 has set characteristics, criteria, and land suitability for
settlement. Therefore it can assist people and the government in the selection of appropriate land. This paper will discuss the
use of web-based Geographical Information System (GIS) technology to analyze spatial data and attribute data
(geoprocessing layer) in mapping the layout of the settlement, the allotment of land settlement based on soil type parameter,
slope, residential areas, industrial, rivers, roads, educational and health facilities by using Multi-Attribute Utility Theory
(MAUT). The sampling result for geoprocessing layer in Driyorejo, Gresik, Indonesia, shows that the slope result is 0-8%
by the weight of 5, the soil type is Alluvial dark gray with clay sediment with the weight of 5, the distance from health
facilities is >2,5km far from the hospital with the weight of 1, distance from educational facilities is >4km far with the
weight of 1, the access road to the highway is around 0-500 meters with the weight of 5, distance from the river is around 0-
1 kilometers with the weight of 5 and the range between the region to industrial areas is >500 meters with the weight of 1.
The calculation using MAUT method resulted U=1,059, therefore the region is categorized as very suitable land for
settlement. This application can assist the government, investors, and developers to find the location of potential land for the
settlement construction

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References


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Gresik, 2010


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